The victory of the GPU in the trial of the absent former President, the equivalent of defeat because the verdict will be challenged in the international courts, experts say. They note the political engagement process, and predict that they will cover the lack of results of investigations by other high-profile cases.
“Lutsenko went too far with the court”
Today, January 24, Obolonskiy district court of Kiev recognized ex-President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych guilty that he spoke to Russian President Vladimir Putin to send troops to Ukraine.He was sentenced to 13 years in prison in absentia.
To put Yanukovych in jail will be possible only if he will return to Ukraine. Because the former President after the overthrow of the lives in Russia. With a hypothetical detention on the territory of other countries will have problems, said political analyst Alexei Yakubina. He stressed that the main problem of the trial of former President and political predictability, which does not make the sentence objective in the eyes of the world. The analyst noted that after the statements of the attorney General in Facebook, the verdict does not look impartial.
We will remind, on the eve of sentencing, the Prosecutor General Yuri Lutsenko on his page in Facebook published an infographic under the heading “the Price of betrayal Yanukovych.” It lists the numbers of human losses during the ATO in Donbas. Also there appear such statements as: “the death of the Heavenly hundred Heroes”, “the annexation of the Crimea”, “occupation of the Donetsk and Lugansk regions”.
The attorney General wrote in Facebook: “it is Yanukovych who fled the country and called on our territory, Russian troops, is one of the most fundamental for the future of Ukraine”.
He reminded that behind the 20 months of the trial. This – 89 meetings, during which reviewed 19 volumes of evidence of the prosecution, heard from 37 witnesses for the prosecution and 15 of the defense.
Alexei Yakubina retorted: “it is Unlikely that the international community trust will accept the final verdict that was made on the basis of alleged “concrete evidence. This long process was not a truth in sentencing is akin to trying to jump into the last car before the elections”.
According to the analyst, Lutsenko went too far with the trial of Yanukovych.
“Initially, the attorney General considered the case as a priority, after completion of which he was ready to resign from his post at independent political swimming, now the court is real victory turns Pyrrhic victory for the General Prosecutor’s office. Security is likely Yanukovych would use and the application of the attorney General to challenge the verdict in the European courts,” said Yakubina.
Recall that before the court on may 4, 2017, Lutsenko has removed the video that was shown on TV. In it the attorney-General announced an unprecedented for Ukraine the judicial process – “as a warning to all those who in future will dare to take the path of treason”. By the way, the first court session on the case of Yanukovych began with the statements of the advocates of intervention of the public Prosecutor Lutsenko in the work of the court.
And the charge of the GPU then stated that it would ask the court about capital punishment – life imprisonment, although, under the law, a fugitive President had only faced imprisonment for the term from 10 to 15 years.
“The election campaign of power”
Earlier, the Interpol has removed Yanukovych from the database of wanted before the start of the trial in 2017. The former head of the Ukrainian division of Interpol Cyril Kulikov else then noted that the filing of an international arrest warrant for Yanukovych was doomed to failure. They say to use the wanted list of Interpol crime should be ordinary in character. The political Affairs of the investigation are removed.
However, at the end of 2018, the Prosecutor General’s office claimed that Yanukovych is still in the international wanted list of Interpol. But in the Interpol to comment on this information have refused, having advised to journalists to apply “relevant national authorities”. Say, if one of the 194 member countries of Interpol shares information with the General Secretariat of the organization in respect of police investigations or private entities, such information remains the property of this country.
The political scientist Ruslan Bizyaev believes that Yanukovych will be able to “guaranteed to win an appeal in the European courts”. He points to political engagement the case.
“Sentencing Yanukovych aims to once again prove that the former President was a puppet of the Kremlin. But if the appeal of the verdict in the European courts will be held without political pressure, Yanukovych will be justified as the man who handed over power without the shedding of blood. And the fact that he ran away – this is the second time,” – said the expert.
He pointed out that the only evidence of the alleged former President of the crime is the appeal of Viktor Yanukovych to President Vladimir Putin with a proposal “to hold bilateral consultations under article 7 of the Treaty on friendship, cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and Russia, and to discuss the possibility of using individual units of the armed forces to restore peace and order on the territory of Ukraine”.
This letter was read in the late UN representative of Russia Vitaly Churkin. But the former President retorted that such a letter Russian President Vladimir Putin allegedly had not received, as there is a response from Russia.
It should be noted that the prosecution indicated that Viktor Yanukovych has sent a letter to Russian President Vladimir Putin on 1 March 2014. However, by that time in Ukraine there was a change of government, and Yanukovych was not official. In the indictment, he appeared as an ordinary citizen.
“As a citizen of Ukraine, in the territory of the Russian Federation, he compiled and wrote a letter to Putin in which asked to send troops to Ukraine. These his deliberate actions Yanukovych committed state treason”, – stated in the GPU.
We will remind that on February 22 the Verkhovna Rada adopted a resolution stating that Yanukovych has not fulfilled its obligations and has appointed early presidential elections. 23 Feb 2014 the office of President was entrusted to the new Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Oleksandr Turchynov. After all, the Parliament had established that Yanukovych “unconstitutional manner withdrew from the exercise of constitutional authority.”
Expert Bizyaev believes that the trial of the Yanukovich government trying to cover up their political bankruptcy and the lack of results of investigations by other high-profile cases.
“Instead of investigating and reporting to the public on the results of the investigation of the shootings on the Maidan we have the trial of Yanukovych,” – he said.
In turn, the political scientist Kirill Molchanov said: “Yanukovych, you can make any sentence, because it is not in the country.” And the political scientist Ruslan Bortnik sure that the sentence ” will be one of the elements of the election campaign of the authorities.”