These devices can also help detect the processes for the development of the cosmological theories of the origin and evolution of the early Universe.
Russian scientists have developed a gamma-Observatory TAIGA in Buryatia muon detectors, which is planned for studying the sources of cosmic particles to ultrahigh energies, and to discover the processes that will help to develop the cosmological theories of the origin and evolution of the early Universe,reports TASS.
“Scientists of Institute of nuclear physics. G. I. Budker Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (INP SB RAS) and Novosibirsk state University (NSU) developed for the project gamma ray Observatory TAIGA, the parent organization which is Irkutsk state University (ISU), muon detectors. The equipment will upgrade the existing instrument and conduct a search of cosmic gamma-quanta of high energy (above 100 TeV). The first batch of detectors, scientists have sent to the site of the Tunka astrophysical polygon”, – stated in the message.
Gamma-Observatory TAIGA located in the territory of the Tunkinskaya astrophysical center for collective use of IPA in the Republic of Buryatia, near lake Baikal. The Observatory aims at the solution of a number of fundamental astrophysical problems. For example, astrophysicists expect to open Pevatron – the sources of cosmic rays with an energy of about 1000 TeV, as well as to discover previously unknown particles which are not present in the Standard model. Creation of a pilot complex of gamma – Observatory TAIGA with a hybrid system of detectors, which have no analogues in the world, will be completed in 2019.
According to the senior researcher of BINP SB RAS Evgeny Kravchenko, one of the goals of the TAIGA – to observe the sky in a new energy range in the spectral region where the research was conducted. “Cosmic rays with energy above 100 TeV fly rarely enough to effectively record, you need a large area of detection, that is, a large number of detectors. Work in the new energy range will allow us to solve a number of fundamental astrophysical problems, including those who will be able to promote a cosmological theory of the origin and evolution of the Universe” – quoted scientist press office.
According to him, scientists were able to develop not only effective technology, but cheap enough and the design of detectors with square register 1 sq. m. thus, the cost of the detectors with use of elements of Russian production of approximately $1 thousand for 1 sq. m, price foreign counterparts – about $20 thousand At the moment ready to work and sent to Tunka valley 24 of the detector. The task of scientists BINP and NSU to create 100-200 of such detectors. In the future, with the increase of the Observatory TAIGA will need to produce more than a thousand detectors.