The specialists of the Central scientific Institute of Roscosmos – TsNIIMash announced the blockage of the geostationary orbit, two thirds of the 1,500 objects that it are space debris.
Geostationary orbit – a circular orbit with a height of 35786 kilometers, located above the Earth’s equator, where a satellite goes around the planet with angular rate equal to the angular velocity of rotation of the Earth around its axis. In geostationary orbit are communication satellites, broadcasting and retransmission,according to RIA Novosti.
“Of particular concern is the clogging of the unique region – geostationary orbit (GSO). So, according to the Institute of applied mathematics named after Keldysh Russian Academy of Sciences, in GEO region contains more than 1,500 objects of different origin, with about 70 percent of them are space debris,” reads the abstract of the report, the Institute published on the website of academic readings on cosmonautics (the”Royal readings”), which will be held from 29 January to 1 February in Moscow.
According to scientists, the clogging of the orbit caused by the development of near-earth space. The growing amount of space debris, they note, is a real threat to further space exploration and creates preconditions for occurrence difficult to predict conflict situations between participants of space activities.
In addition, according to the report, the level of pollution of near-earth orbit poses a threat to functioning spacecraft and the ISS, as evidenced by the annually increasing number of registered dangerous approaches of space debris with functioning satellites.
The solution, say scientists, the Institute is to remove large debris from the area of the working orbits of geostationary satellites KA.
In another report submitted by the experts of MGTU named after Bauman, is considered the variant of the satellite, which will clear the geostationary orbit by a translation of space debris (in particular, the spent upper stages of rockets) to a burial orbit. The satellite will capture trash, dock with it and be transported to another orbit.