The renaming of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church will become the excuse for persecution, experts say. They note that, promising to respect the choice of those who will preserve the unity with the Russian Orthodox Church, the power of their statements creates the image of the “internal enemy” in the person of the Moscow Patriarchate.
“Flywheel”has been launched
The President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko said that the Russian Orthodox Church has nothing to do in Ukraine. “My dear, you shouldn’t be here,” said the Head of state and get them to go “home to Russia”.
However, in Ukraine there is no Church structure, called the “Russian Orthodox Church”. The most numerous Orthodox denomination in the country is called “Ukrainian Orthodox Church”. There are citizens of Ukraine. According to the Ministry of culture citizens of other countries are 32 people from 10 thousand 424 of the clergy of the UOC.
Director of the analytical center “Third sector” Andrei Zolotarev notes that there is a substitution of concepts. He believes that Petro Poroshenko is able, using the powers of government officials, can create a large-scale conflict on religious grounds. Say, to cover the failures in economic policy and the decline in living standards creates the image of a certain enemy of the Church.
“Unfortunately, the flywheel is started and stop it can only be that if the Ukrainians break imposed by Poroshenko trend in the discussion of religious issues,” he said.
Recall that the name “Ukrainian Orthodox Church” has existed since 1990, when the Council of bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church on January 30-31, 1990, adopted the “Statute of the exarchates”, which provided Ukrainian and Belarusian exarchates right to be called Ukrainian, and Belorussian Orthodox churches.
The first Hierarch was Metropolitan Filaret, received a letter of the Patriarch of Moscow Alexy II on the granting of the Ukrainian Church independence and autonomy in its management 28 October 1990. Under Metropolitan Philaret has been accepted and the Charter of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.
Now Filaret, the leader of the Kiev Patriarchate. And in the UPC accusations. Thus, on 14 October, President Petro Poroshenko questioned the right of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate to be called “Ukrainian”. Earlier, at the parade in Independence Day, he said: “We are full of determination to put an edge noncanonical stay a significant part of our Orthodox society, depending on the Russian Church”.
Vicar of Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra Metropolitan Paul, informing you about incoming threats capture shrines on the part of the radicals, emphasized: “…the seizure of the shrines. What they call the “Moscow center.” Why “Moscow” and not “of Christ”? Do we have here?”. Metropolitan stated that the clergy of the monastery do not do politics, they pray for the country.
It should be noted that in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church offer prayers for the Ukrainian government and Ukrainian army. In the text of the great litany, the prayer contains the petition: “for our country, our civil authorities and the army of her Lord pray.” The litany is one of the main components of worship, which is part of the greater part of the services and can not be changed.
However, in Parliament there is a bill to change the name of the Church. And the President, in his annual address to the deputies said that the Ukrainian Orthodox Church will be called the structure, which will receive autocephaly from the Ecumenical Patriarchate. The current UOC – MP will call for new ways.
The creation of the “internal enemy”
20 September, President Poroshenko said: “I guarantee that the government will respect the choice of those who decide to remain in the Church structure that will preserve the unity with the Russian Orthodox Church. And call it the same and will in order to ease the understanding.”
Note that the name of the Russian Orthodox Church is historical. Many believers of the UOC, the parishioners of the Kiev Patriarchate, the UAOC and UGCC born before 1990, have received the baptism in the Russian Orthodox Church.
However, a completely different meaning of the name becomes the background of the statements of Petro Poroshenko. So, speaking at the parade for independence Day, he said: “the Russian Church blesses Putin’s hybrid war against Ukraine, day and night praying for the Russian authorities and the Russian army”.
On 14 October the Head of state said that the Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill prays for the Russian army. “And we in Ukraine, unfortunately, there are churches that still commemorate Patriarch Kirill, who performs these prayers. I think that this is definitely not for the Ukrainian people”, – he said.
Finally, on November 7, President Poroshenko said that the Russian Orthodox Church is part of the Russian political system. “You shouldn’t be here. Nothing to do with your Church, nothing to do your Armed forces have nothing to do with your arms. Home to Russia”, – he said.
The paradox is that in the uncontrolled territories of Ukraine today remains the jurisdiction of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. It includes the Luhansk and Donetsk diocese. Also, the authority of the UOC are two dioceses in Crimea: Simferopol and Dzhankoy.
In Church circles, I have no doubt that in the case of changing the canonical situation in Ukraine, these areas will change the Church’s jurisdiction. The head of the information Department of the UOC-MP, Archbishop Kliment says, “the UOC is the only thing that remained on the Ukrainian territories of the breakaway republics of Donbass and in the Crimea. It turns out that the decisions of the authorities are all striving to regain this territory.”
As you know, the government appealed to the Constantinople Patriarch Bartholomew with a request to provide Tomos (Patriarchal decree) on autocephaly (independence) “Orthodox believers of Ukraine”. The corresponding letter of the President of the Parliament supported. UOC idea of receiving autocephaly from Constantinople does not share.
Currently planned unification Council, which will elect a new Primate of the Orthodox Church, which will exist parallel to the UOC. Advertised by 41 bishops of the Kiev Patriarchate, the UAOC 12 bishops and several representatives of the UOC.
Having the majority of the Cathedral of the Kyiv Patriarchate demands to rename the UOC to the “Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine.” This was announced by the Primate of the Kyiv Patriarchate Filaret.
“What are we going to require? To Ukraine was a Ukrainian Orthodox Church and that the ROC is not hiding under the name “Ukrainian”, being in fact Russian. And therefore we will ask the Verkhovna Rada to adopt the law on the fact that Ukraine is an Orthodox Church, and the second Orthodox Church should be called the Russian”, – quotes Philaret parliamentary newspaper “Voice of Ukraine”.
Expert Vyacheslav Pikhovshek believes that the renaming of the UOC is an attempt to create in Ukraine an “internal enemy” and become the reason for persecution. He recalled that the diocese and parishes of the UOC consists of Ukrainian bishops of the Ukrainian priests, and deacons.
Speaking on television, he said, “there Is persecution, Renaming is equivalent to a command “ATA”, “FAS”, “kill him” for all sorts of nationalists and radical people. It turns out that the one who wants the UOC called the Russian Church in Ukraine, specifies those who want to scratch fists, to profit the Church property, to identify the enemy.”